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New Projects Use Phone Data To Track Big Cities' Mass Transit Use 75

Posted by timothy
from the carry-on-citizens dept.
An anonymous reader points out a New York Times article about a traffic analysis program that "'works by taking note of which cellphone tower a phone is communicating with. It then looks for disruptions in service followed by significant changes in location. If a phone located near Times Square suddenly loses service and reconnects at Prince Street and Broadway 15 minutes later, then it has almost certainly traveled there using the N or R trains.' In another interesting twist, the article briefly notes, 'The system will also include an experiment that uses phones' microphones to sense when riders are on buses.'" The article also mentions a similar project to track buses and trains in Los Angeles.
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New Projects Use Phone Data To Track Big Cities' Mass Transit Use

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  • by immakiku (777365) on Monday June 06, 2011 @01:28PM (#36353382)
    Such as in any subway system in China. Where reception doesn't end at the subway entrance. People are making calls and surfing the web while riding the train.
  • Really? (Score:4, Insightful)

    by cultiv8 (1660093) on Monday June 06, 2011 @01:29PM (#36353392) Homepage
    So who all gets access to this information about which cellphone is connecting to which tower, and what rights did I give to this person/entity to use it for stuff like this?

    Should have RTFCA (Customer Agreement)
    • Re:Really? (Score:4, Insightful)

      by camperdave (969942) on Monday June 06, 2011 @01:36PM (#36353498) Journal
      More worryingly, how did they get access to the noise level from my cell phone's microphone? I don't buy the need for them to know where I am on the bus.
      • by Anonymous Coward

        More importantly, I don't buy the reason why they need to hear anything at all from my phones microphone. I don't see why they need to know what I, or anyone else near me, is saying using this method. Wasn't there are book about something like this???

        It will help us fight the Terrorists!

        • by xclr8r (658786)
          or Movie.. the latest Batman used cell phone mics to pick up the location of his target. linky [youtube.com]
      • by TubeSteak (669689)

        More worryingly, how did they get access to the noise level from my cell phone's microphone? I don't buy the need for them to know where I am on the bus.

        RTFA. It's something they plan to include (as an optional?) in an app that they're developing.
        It's entirely possible to do all the audio capture and processing on the phone, while only sending a "on the bus" or "not on the bus" packet to Densebrain.

        I can't imagine that they'd want to stream audio to their servers and chew through the data plans of their user base.

      • by hedwards (940851)

        That's definitely something to worry about. However some phones do have a secondary microphone for the purposes of noise reduction and that one would be the one which would presumably be used. But either way I'm not so sure I'd trust it not to be eavesdropping on me.

    • Re: (Score:2, Informative)

      by Anonymous Coward
      Or you could just RTFA which clearly states that its a pilot program that has willing participants. The feature has to be activated on an app.
  • The location of all Los Angles buses by GPS is already publicly available [nextbus.com], as well as several other transit systems [homeip.net]. New York is piloting the same system for the B63 5th Avenue bus.

    GPS doesn't work underground, but I'm pretty sure the MTA already knows exactly where all its trains are. It's just a matter of making the data public rather then trying to interpolate it using cell phone signals.

    • by pneum0nic (766500)
      I think the point is to track ridership, not just where the trains are, which you are correct that the transit authority already knows about.
      • by hedwards (940851)

        You can do that with transit passes. It's not so easy with cash, but with the various cards that are in place they can definitely track those. The local transit service rolled theirs out a while back and they had to deal with the backlash. Apparently, the party paying for the card has access to all the information they have about where the cards are being swiped, which meant that people with company sponsored cards would have to depend upon company policy to guide tracking.

        But, all in all, it allowed them t

    • by immakiku (777365)
      I believe the point is to model how people are using the trains rather than the status of the trains. How many people/who/when are the questions they want to answer.
      • by ganjadude (952775)
        you mean they cant tell all that by you know.. the fact that you payed for a ticket for train X for Y time on Z day?
        • Not in the case of the subway train. Buy ticket, take train from X to R, connect to F and end at Z!
        • ...actually been on the New York Subway? See it's fair information. [mta.info]

          There's no such thing as "paying for a ticket for train X for Y time on Z Day"

        • you mean they cant tell all that by you know.. the fact that you payed for a ticket for train X for Y time on Z day?

          That only tells you which train station you entered, not which train you boarded or transferred to.

      • by mcmonkey (96054)

        Because of course, anyone traveling without a cell phone isn't a real person.

  • The system will also include an experiment that uses phones' microphones to sense when riders are on buses.

    What else does it "sense" via the microphone?

    • by vlpronj (1345627)
      That's why this, to me, deserves the "darkknight" tag - i.e. the "Cell Phone Sonar" system used. There may not be any altitude info, making it not quite a 3D map, but I'm sure the right algorithm would include tower distance > and height, and calculate accordingly.
    • by creat3d (1489345)
      Stop asking questions and just feel safer! Isn't freedom great?
    • It was an app that you had to install voluntarily.

  • Or just a funny coincidence?

    Or so Alex Morgan Bell hopes. Mr. Bell began designing the system last year, when he was studying electric engineering at Columbia. After trying to get the idea going by himself and luring only several hundred people as users, Mr. Bell joined Densebrain, a Web development company that makes NYCMate, a transit map app (and is perhaps best known for SitorSquat, an app that maps public restrooms).

    Alex Bell, figuring out new uses for the phone.

  • This is going to be obsolete soon. We have 3G in most of the undergound SF Bay Area BART, and, sooner or later, WiFi (it is in trial now). I am sure other cities can claim the same.

    • Seconded -- The town of Corpus Christi, TX had decent WIFI coverage when I lived there. They got me hooked on using it for free before allowing PDQ, and other "providers" to charge me for the service -- I guess the city sponsored WIFI is "rented" to the "providers" that I then must pay to login. Not sure how that's working out for them, but it can't be too bad since the explosion of portable WIFI enabled Android and iOS devices happened shortly afterward (Making it possible to use these devices in WIFI m

    • Other non-communist cities will not tolerate such a waste of taxpayer dolla... Oh. Rich people will also benefit from this? Then it might be a good idea! Is there any way we can prevent the peasants in the lower 98th percentile from using this system? [/conservolibertarian]
  • http://mta.info/persdashboard/performance14.html [mta.info]

    http://www.mta.info/developers/ [mta.info]

    Though these are just aggregates of turnstile data, so they know that X people entered at Times square and Y people exited at prince within about a 4 hour resolution(the scheduled turnstile audits). The only new thing this scheme would add is to tie the specific entrances and exits together. I'm not sure how useful that actually is, you can extrapolate the most frequently ridden lines based on the aggregate entrances and exit

  • > The system will also include an experiment that uses phones' microphones to sense when riders are on buses.

    Yeah, that's what the experiment is for. To sense whether riders are on buses, to check mass transit ridership. Really.

  • So phones are maybe a reasonable proxy for riders, but it seems to me that the MTA, being a closed system which already has entry controls for fare-collection purposes, just might have more direct ways of getting at ridership, including ones that don't have smartphones. They could instrument their exit gates, too, and correlate them with train arrival times, and figure out which trains are letting off lots of passengers at which stations.

    But maybe the phone thing still makes sense if they're not anonymizing

  • Chicago already has this for buses [ctabustracker.com] and trains [transitchicago.com].
  • by cusco (717999) <brian@bixby.gmail@com> on Monday June 06, 2011 @07:05PM (#36357556)
    This is an utterly useless app. If transit authorities want to track riders' use of the system they already have a much better sensor network, the cameras that are on board most of their vehicles. Cameras can do a pretty good job of object counting, and if given enough CPU cycles of counting the number and direction of objects moving into and out of a motion detection zone (doorway). That wouldn't even be a hard app to write, and the only additional hardware needed would be for the app to report (wirelessly I'd assume) when the vehicle returns to base.
  • You like this http://tinyurl.com/4yn3fuq [tinyurl.com]

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