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The Courts Transportation Technology

Chicago Court Throwing Out LIDAR Speeding Tickets 245

Posted by timothy
from the should-happen-more-often dept.
bridgeco writes "Chicago Traffic Court Judges have been throwing out speeding cases in which the driver's speed was measured with a LIDAR. Judges are asking for a special 'Frye Hearing' to determine the accuracy of these devices. Many motorists nabbed for speeding by a laser gun, instead of radar, are seeing their tickets thrown out at Chicago's traffic court because of a legal issue that the city's law department has been unable to overcome. Within the past year judges in Cook County Traffic Court in Chicago determined that speeds captured by lidar were not admissible because the devices had not been proven scientifically reliable in an Illinois court, said Jennifer Hoyle, spokeswoman for the law department, which prosecutes most speeding tickets in the city." (Here's some background on LIDAR from Wikipedia.)
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Chicago Court Throwing Out LIDAR Speeding Tickets

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  • link from search (Score:2, Informative)

    by Anonymous Coward on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @01:22PM (#30048954)

    http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-speeding-tickets-09-nov09,0,7869040.story

  • by captaindomon (870655) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @01:40PM (#30049244)
    The point is, LIDAR is reliable, at least as much as RADAR is. This is just a legal snafu, they will throw out enough that there will be incredible pressure to figure out the legal problems, they will figure them out, and then LIDAR tickets will be enforced again. Never underestimate the power of a determined vendor that has been harmed or the importance of sunk costs in equipment for an agency with very limited funding. Nothing to see here, folks. Move along, please.
  • Fixed Link (Score:2, Informative)

    by internetdarwin (669976) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @01:59PM (#30049526)
    Here's a working link to the article: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-speeding-tickets-09-nov09,0,7869040.story [chicagotribune.com] Note: The forward slash at the end of the link in the summary is what is throwing off chicagotribune.com
  • by poetmatt (793785) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:18PM (#30049816) Journal

    LIDAR is about as reliable as your imagination. Go research how it works and you'll see, moving objects are not what lidar is for at all. It's just a poor attempt at shoehorning a measurement device that has a monopoly in chicago basically.

  • by GrBear (63712) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:20PM (#30049854)

    What is the benefit of LIDAR? Is it more accurate, or just easier to 'aim'?

    Both actually. RADAR emits a conical wave of energy that literally splatters multiple lanes. The return signal processor can get Doppler signal back from many vehicles, and reports the strongest signal (or fastest in models that support it). It is then up to the officer to visually determine which vehicle is speeding. It's not infallible, and subject to an officer's decision.

    LIDAR on the other hand shoots out a very narrow pulsed beam that targets one specific vehicle at a time. Officer's are usually trained to target reflective parts of a vehicle (like headlights, taillights, license plates, etc.)

    There is no trying to figure out which vehicle your measuring, you target, pull the trigger and bam, instant accurate speed.. usually within under 1 second so even though your detector has gone off, it's just telling you you're speed as been taken. Reaction time is NIL.

  • by Bakkster (1529253) <Bakkster...man@@@gmail...com> on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:27PM (#30049978)

    RADAR isn't always accurate either, as the beam is wider and can't discriminate between different vehicles. It will always give a correct speed, but not necessarily that of the correct target.

    An easy solution would be to capture video of the lazer on the target for every pull. Then compare the data points to the photos of the lazer beam. If there's an excursion, throw the ticket out.

  • by Nick Driver (238034) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:36PM (#30050134)

    ...in that because its beam is so narrow, that the speed measured is more precisely the speed measured between the target vehicle and the LIDAR gun itself, not necessarily the forward speed of the target vehicle down the road. Since the patrol officer is always sitting off the side of the road, that introduces what's known as the "cosine error" which is actually in the speeder's favor since the LIDAR device will show the officer a slower speed (vehicle's actual forward speed times the cosine of the angle between straight ahead vs a line between the front of the vehicle and where the officer's LIDAR is actually located). Most of the time, the cosine error is negligible, but if the officer is sitting far enough off the side of the actual roadway and the angle is big enough, the cosine error can be several MPH in the speeder's favor.

  • Radar POP mode (Score:5, Informative)

    by EXrider (756168) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:52PM (#30050390)
    I would be more concerned with the legality of MPH Industries' radar POP mode [valentine1.com]. In summary, the company is marketing radar guns with a mode that allows officers to obtain speed readings that are at best, inaccurate. Of course, the only place a warning about the inaccuracy of this mode is found, is in the radar's instruction manual. How many police officers do you think read the instruction manuals that accompany their equipment? Reports of people "getting POPped" [valentine1.com] have shown up in WV, OH, GA, NV, NJ, and NY.

    "POP is mode that emits a very brief (67 millisecond) pulse of radar to determine the speed. Its meant to defeat radar detectors. It works because the local oscillator sweep (the "tuner") in most detectors, (especially cheap ones) is too slow to notice this brief pulse. Newer and more expensive detectors have solved this by making a little detour during the sweep to check for POP. It's like flipping through the channels on your TV, but going back to check if your favourite show has started on channel 2 every so often. Except in a radar detector this is happening hundreds of times per second.

    POP can be inaccurate because the electronics in the police radar don't have time enough to stabilize. It's like suddenly jumping on your bathroom scale. The pointer with fluctuate violently until it settles down on the the true reading. With POP it can sometimes indicate an inaccurate speed due to this instability. "
  • by osu-neko (2604) on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @02:53PM (#30050394)

    RADAR isn't always accurate either, as the beam is wider and can't discriminate between different vehicles. It will always give a correct speed, but not necessarily that of the correct target.

    Yup, if you're in a group of cars, you're safe from RADAR alone, as an old cop friend of mine once told me. They can't really tell what they just got a speed reading of. OTOH, the cops can usually tell when you're speeding without RADAR. They (or at least one of them) use the RADAR to collect objective evidence, not to identify the speeder, they've already done that before they reach for the RADAR gun.

  • by Anonymous Coward on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @05:24PM (#30052612)

    Nope. Real judges down here in traffic courts. "Traffic court" in Cook County includes everything from petty tickets through Class A misdemeanors (DUIs).

  • by adolf (21054) <flodadolf@gmail.com> on Tuesday November 10, 2009 @08:52PM (#30054764) Journal

    Just modulate the beam: Turn it off, and back on at a known, sane interval.

    When the interval varies (due to doppler shift), measure the difference in frequency.

    Done.

    No DC-to-daylight processing of gee-whiz THz signals required. The the carrier frequency (the frequency of the laser beam, in this case) is not important for this to work, as long as you can reliably detect its modulation. Many of these parts must already be in use in existing LIDAR systems, so that the machine can discriminate between its own little point of light and all the background noise around it (daylight).

    It's all pretty simple, old-hat tech. Plain old regular amplitude modulation, as described above, would be fine, but there's a lot of other methods [wikipedia.org] which might work just as well.

If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts. -- Albert Einstein

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